- What are the most common IV sites?
- Is cefepime oral or IV?
- Is ceftriaxone oral or IV?
- Why is ceftriaxone not given orally?
- Why are oral doses higher than IV?
- Is inhalation faster than intravenous?
- Is it OK to take medicine immediately after eating?
- What are the 7 R’s in medication?
- When do you switch from IV to PO?
- What are the 3 checks in medication administration?
- What are the 4 basic rules for medication administration?
- What are the disadvantages of intravenous injection?
- Is Im better than IV?
- How is IV medication absorbed?
- Are intravenous antibiotics stronger than oral?
What are the most common IV sites?
The most common intravenous sites are located on the top of the hand, the lower forearm, or the upper, inner forearm near the fold of the elbow.
On occasion, the large jugular vein in the neck, or some in the foot, may be considered.
A vein in the scalp is most frequently used as an intravenous site for infants..
Is cefepime oral or IV?
Generic Name & Formulations: Cefepime (as HCl) 500mg, 1g, 2g; pwd for IV infusion or IM inj after reconstitution.
Is ceftriaxone oral or IV?
Rocephin is a sterile, semisynthetic, broad-spectrum cephalosporin antibiotic for intravenous or intramuscular administration.
Why is ceftriaxone not given orally?
Pharmacokinetics. Absorption: Ceftriaxone can be administered intravenously and intramuscularly, and the drug is completely absorbed. It is not available orally. Distribution: Ceftriaxone penetrates tissues and body fluids well, including cerebrospinal fluid to treat central nervous system infections.
Why are oral doses higher than IV?
If bioavailability is low then the oral dose needed has to be increased so that a given dose achieves the appropriate serum concentration. Since the absorption of an oral drug is slower than an IV drug and the drug takes longer to enter the circulation, clearing the drug will also most likely take a longer time.
Is inhalation faster than intravenous?
Inhaling or breathing a volatile substance such as petrol or nitrous oxide (also known as laughing gas) is almost as fast as IV drug use, because the gaseous molecules travel easily and quickly through the cell walls from the lungs into the bloodstream.
Is it OK to take medicine immediately after eating?
Should tablets be taken before, during, or after meals? There is no simple answer to this question. However, as a general rule you should take medicine on an empty stomach (one hour before eating or 2 hours after). This is because many medicines can be affected by what you eat and when you eat it.
What are the 7 R’s in medication?
To ensure safe medication preparation and administration, nurses are trained to practice the “7 rights” of medication administration: right patient, right drug, right dose, right time, right route, right reason and right documentation [12, 13].
When do you switch from IV to PO?
Hospitalized patients initially on intravenous antibiotics can be safely switched to an oral equivalent within the third day of admission once clinical stability is established. This conversion has many advantages as fewer complications, less healthcare costs and earlier hospital discharge.
What are the 3 checks in medication administration?
Right patient. Right medication. Right dose. Right route. Right time/frequency. Right reason. Right documentation. Right response.
What are the 4 basic rules for medication administration?
The “rights” of medication administration include right patient, right drug, right time, right route, and right dose. These rights are critical for nurses.
What are the disadvantages of intravenous injection?
The major disadvantages of the intravenous route are the relatively short durations of time that a particular subject can be effectively used. In addition, subject mortality and the invasiveness of the required procedures (i.e. surgery must be performed to insert the catheter) are additional disadvantages.
Is Im better than IV?
IV drug administration achieves high plasma concentrations rapidly in plasma and tissues. Muscles are very vascular structures, and IM absorption occurs by drug diffusion from interstitial fluid and capillary membranes into plasma, and so onset of action is longer than IV injection.
How is IV medication absorbed?
Intravenous (IV) is a method of administering concentrated medications (diluted or undiluted) directly into the vein using a syringe through a needleless port on an existing IV line or a saline lock.
Are intravenous antibiotics stronger than oral?
Among physicians and patients alike, it is generally accepted that IV antibiotics are better than oral. They are stronger. They will work faster. They will save the day when oral antibiotics have failed.