What Are The 4 Ways Drugs Enter The Body?

What are the 10 routes of drug administration?

Oral administration.

This is the most frequently used route of drug administration and is the most convenient and economic.

Sublingual.

Rectal administration.

Topical administration.

Parenteral administration.

Intravenous injection.Nov 19, 2007.

What drug does to the body is called?

The action of drugs on the human body is called pharmacodynamics, and what the body does with the drug is called pharmacokinetics. The drugs that enter the human tend to stimulate certain receptors, ion channels, act on enzymes or transporter proteins.

What are the 7 classifications of drugs?

7 Drug Categories(1) Central Nervous System (CNS) Depressants. CNS depressants slow down the operations of the brain and the body. … (2) CNS Stimulants. … (3) Hallucinogens. … (4) Dissociative Anesthetics. … (5) Narcotic Analgesics. … (6) Inhalants. … (7) Cannabis.

How are drugs named and classified?

Pharmaceutical names are assigned according to a scheme in which specific syllables in the drug name (called stems) convey information about the chemical structure, action, or indication of the drug.

Can IV drugs be taken orally?

IV administration can also be a controlled way to give drugs over time. Certain drugs may be given by IV administration because if you took them orally (by mouth), enzymes in your stomach or liver would break them down.

Why are drugs taken orally?

Many medications are taken orally because they are intended to have a systemic effect, reaching different parts of the body via the bloodstream, for example.

Can I take injection orally?

If an IV/IM preparation is deemed to be safe and efficacious when administered orally, it is imperative to draw up the required amount in an oral syringe that has an auxiliary label stating “For Oral Use Only.” In the hospital setting, several cases of serious (and sometimes fatal) medical errors have occurred in …

What is the most common method of taking a drug?

The most common methods include:injecting.smoking.inhaling.snorting.swallowing.

Where are drugs broken down in the body?

Most drugs must pass through the liver, which is the primary site for drug metabolism. Once in the liver, enzymes convert prodrugs to active metabolites or convert active drugs to inactive forms. The liver’s primary mechanism for metabolizing drugs is via a specific group of cytochrome P-450 enzymes.

How do drugs get into the body?

How Drugs Enter The Body (1) Oral Administration – substance is ingested through the mouth – digested and absorbed in gastrointestinal tract – passes through liver – carried to the brain through the circulatory system.

What are the 4 groups of drugs?

What types of drug are there?stimulants (e.g. cocaine)depressants (e.g. alcohol)opium-related painkillers (e.g. heroin)hallucinogens (e.g. LSD)

What is the fastest route of absorption for a drug?

inhalationThe fastest route of absorption is inhalation, and not as mistakenly considered the intravenous administration. Absorption is a primary focus in drug development and medicinal chemistry, since a drug must be absorbed before any medicinal effects can take place.

Is inhalation faster than intravenous?

Inhaling or breathing a volatile substance such as petrol or nitrous oxide (also known as laughing gas) is almost as fast as IV drug use, because the gaseous molecules travel easily and quickly through the cell walls from the lungs into the bloodstream.

What are the 4 routes of drug administration?

Oral route. Many drugs can be administered orally as liquids, capsules, tablets, or chewable tablets. … Injection routes. Administration by injection (parenteral administration) includes the following routes: … Sublingual and buccal routes. … Rectal route. … Vaginal route. … Ocular route. … Otic route. … Nasal route.More items…

What are the 5 ways drugs enter the body?

For example, there are five methods of drug abuse which allow drugs to enter the body: swallowing, smoking, snorting, through suppositories and injecting.

What are the 3 types of injections?

The three main routes are intradermal (ID) injection, subcutaneous (SC) injection and intramuscular (IM) injection. Each type targets a different skin layer: Subcutaneous injections are administered in the fat layer, underneath the skin. Intramuscular injections are delivered into the muscle.

What are the six routes of administration?

Practice the six rights of medication administrationRight client.Right route.Right drug.Right dose.Right time.Aug 12, 2019

What classes are drugs?

The three categories of drugs are Class A, Class B and Class C:heroin, cocaine, ecstasy and LSD are Class A drugs.speed, cannabis, ketamine, mephedrone and some amphetamines are Class B drugs.anabolic steroids, GHB and some tranquilisers are Class C drugs.