What Are The 5 Routes Of Drug Administration?

What are the 8 routes of drug administration?

Oral route.

Many drugs can be administered orally as liquids, capsules, tablets, or chewable tablets.

Injection routes.

Administration by injection (parenteral administration) includes the following routes: …

Sublingual and buccal routes.

Rectal route.

Vaginal route.

Ocular route.

Otic route.

Nasal route.More items….

What are the 7 R’s in medication?

To ensure safe medication preparation and administration, nurses are trained to practice the “7 rights” of medication administration: right patient, right drug, right dose, right time, right route, right reason and right documentation [12, 13].

What is the 10 rights of medication administration?

The essential concepts for PRN medication training are the 10 “rights” of medicines management: right patient, right reason, right drug, right route, right time, right dose, right form, right action, right documentation and right response [85] .

What is the slowest route of medication administration?

Subcutaneous (SC) The absoroption of subcutaneous injections is slower than that of IV route and it needs absorption similar to Intramuscular injection.

What is the safest route of drug administration?

1. The oral route of administration is the safest, most economical and the most convenient way of giving medicines. The dosage forms of the oral route include Tablets, Capsules, Powders, Mixtures, Emulsions and Gels. Most drugs are absorbed from small intestine but some are absorbed from stomach and colon.

What is the first thing you must do prior to administration of any medication?

Read the medication order carefully. Make sure that the medication name on the order matches the medication name on the label. Read the medication log carefully. Make sure that the medication name on the label, the medication order and medication log match before giving the medication.

What are the 4 basic rules for medication administration?

The “rights” of medication administration include right patient, right drug, right time, right route, and right dose. These rights are critical for nurses.

Is inhalation faster than intravenous?

Inhaling or breathing a volatile substance such as petrol or nitrous oxide (also known as laughing gas) is almost as fast as IV drug use, because the gaseous molecules travel easily and quickly through the cell walls from the lungs into the bloodstream.

How do drugs enter the body?

How Drugs Enter The Body (1) Oral Administration – substance is ingested through the mouth – digested and absorbed in gastrointestinal tract – passes through liver – carried to the brain through the circulatory system.

What are the 3 checks in medication administration?

Right patient. Right medication. Right dose. Right route. Right time/frequency. Right reason. Right documentation. Right response.

What are the 3 categories of medicines?

The Act defines three categories of medicine: prescription only medicines (POM), which are available only from a pharmacist if prescribed by an appropriate practitioner; pharmacy medicines (P), available only from a pharmacist but without a prescription; and general sales list (GSL) medicines which may be bought from …

What are the 3 Befores?

WHAT ARE THE THREE CHECKS? Checking the: – Name of the person; – Strength and dosage; and – Frequency against the: Medical order; • MAR; AND • Medication container.

What are the 5 rights of drug administration?

One of the recommendations to reduce medication errors and harm is to use the “five rights”: the right patient, the right drug, the right dose, the right route, and the right time.

What are the routes of drug administration explain?

Routes of medication administrationRouteExplanationintravenousinjected into a vein or into an IV linenasalgiven into the nose by spray or pumpophthalmicgiven into the eye by drops, gel, or ointmentoralswallowed by mouth as a tablet, capsule, lozenge, or liquid12 more rows

What are the 6 routes of drug administration?

For small therapeutic molecules, various routes for drug administration are parenteral (intravenous, intramuscular, and subcutaneous), oral, nasal, ocular, transmucosal (buccal, vaginal, and rectal), and transdermal.

What are the common injectable routes of administration?

Administration by injection (parenteral administration) includes the following routes:Subcutaneous (under the skin)Intramuscular (in a muscle)Intravenous (in a vein)Intrathecal (around the spinal cord)

What is the fastest route of absorption for a drug?

inhalationThe fastest route of absorption is inhalation, and not as mistakenly considered the intravenous administration. Absorption is a primary focus in drug development and medicinal chemistry, since a drug must be absorbed before any medicinal effects can take place.

What are the 10 rights?

Bill of Rights – The Really Brief Version1Freedom of religion, speech, press, assembly, and petition.7Right of trial by jury in civil cases.8Freedom from excessive bail, cruel and unusual punishments.9Other rights of the people.10Powers reserved to the states.5 more rows

Which is faster IV or IM?

IV injections take effect the fastest, and the effects also dissipate the fastest. IM injections take effect the next fastest, and SQ injections take the longest to take effect.

Can IV drugs be taken orally?

IV administration can also be a controlled way to give drugs over time. Certain drugs may be given by IV administration because if you took them orally (by mouth), enzymes in your stomach or liver would break them down.

What are the principles of medication administration?

While there are several principles of drug administration, the five important ones are: the right patient, the right drug, the right dose, the right time and the right route of administration.