What Are Useful Drugs?

Which drug is known as life saving drugs?

MedicationEmergency ConditionEpinephrine (adrenaline) (pre-filled syringe)Treatment of anaphylactic shock (adults and children)GlucagonTreatment of hypoglycaemia (adults and children)Glycerol trinitrateTreatment of severe angina attack (adults)3 more rows.

Is coffee a drug?

Caffeine is defined as a drug because it stimulates the central nervous system, causing increased alertness. Caffeine gives most people a temporary energy boost and elevates mood. Caffeine is in tea, coffee, chocolate, many soft drinks, and pain relievers and other over-the-counter medications.

What classes are drugs?

The three categories of drugs are Class A, Class B and Class C:heroin, cocaine, ecstasy and LSD are Class A drugs.speed, cannabis, ketamine, mephedrone and some amphetamines are Class B drugs.anabolic steroids, GHB and some tranquilisers are Class C drugs.

What are the 7 classifications of drugs?

7 Drug Categories(1) Central Nervous System (CNS) Depressants. CNS depressants slow down the operations of the brain and the body. … (2) CNS Stimulants. … (3) Hallucinogens. … (4) Dissociative Anesthetics. … (5) Narcotic Analgesics. … (6) Inhalants. … (7) Cannabis.

Which medicine is best for heart attack?

Nitroglycerin. This medication, used to treat chest pain (angina), can help improve blood flow to the heart by widening (dilating) the blood vessels. Beta blockers. These medications help relax your heart muscle, slow your heartbeat and decrease blood pressure, making your heart’s job easier.

What are the emergency drugs in ICU?

Emergency drugs (PICU Chart)DrugDose (IV)Atropine0.02 mg/Kg IV (may give ETT)Calcium Chloride 10%**20 mg/Kg IVDexamethasone0.6 mg/Kg PO/IM/IVDextrose500 mg/Kg IV18 more rows

What are basic drugs?

The charge of a molecule depends upon the pH of its solution. In an acidic medium, basic drugs are more charged and acidic drugs are less charged. The converse is true in a basic medium. For example, Naproxen is a non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drug that is a weak acid (its pKa value is 5.0).

What are the top 10 most used drugs?

Top 10 Drugs Prescribed in the U.S.Lisinopril (Generic for Prinivil or Zestril) … Levothyroxine (generic for Synthroid) … Azithromycin (generic for Zithromax, Z-PAK) … Metformin (generic for Glucophage) … Lipitor (atorvastatin) … Amlodipine (generic for Norvasc) … Amoxicillin. … Hydrochlorothiazide.More items…

Is chocolate a drug?

In addition to sugar, chocolate also has two other neuroactive drugs, caffeine and theobromine. Chocolate not only stimulates the opiate receptors in our brains, it also causes a release of neurochemicals in the brain’s pleasure centers.

What is a drug side effect?

Side effects, also known as adverse events, are unwanted or unexpected events or reactions to a drug. Side effects can vary from minor problems like a runny nose to life-threatening events, such as an increased risk of a heart attack.

Is it illegal to own drugs?

Federal Drug Laws. The possession, use, or distribution of illegal drugs is prohibited by federal law. There are strict penalties for drug convictions, including mandatory prison terms for many offenses.

Is black coffee a drug?

What is caffeine? Caffeine is a stimulant drug, which means it speeds up the messages travelling between the brain and the body. It’s found in the seeds, nuts and leaves of a number of different plants, including: Coffea Arabica (used for coffee)

Which is the most effective drug?

Here are some of the notables:L-dopa. “When it came out it was such a wonder drug for people with Parkinson’s disease,” Stone says. … Steroids. … Viagra. … The Capsule. … Cyclosporine. … HIV Drugs. … Ritalin.Aug 30, 2004

What are the 4 types of medicines?

The 4 Categories of MedicationGeneral Sales List (GSL) GSLs are a type of medicine that have few legal restrictions. … Pharmacy Medicines. Pharmacy Medicines are only available to purchase behind the counter at a pharmacy. … Prescription Only Medicines. … Controlled Drugs.Nov 28, 2018

What’s the most expensive drug?

1) Zolgensma – $2,125,000 Since Zolgensma received FDA approval in May 2019, it has remained the most expensive drug in the U.S. with a list price of $2.1 million for a course of treatment.

How do drugs enter the body?

How Drugs Enter The Body (1) Oral Administration – substance is ingested through the mouth – digested and absorbed in gastrointestinal tract – passes through liver – carried to the brain through the circulatory system.

What are the 3 main drugs?

What types of drug are there?stimulants (e.g. cocaine)depressants (e.g. alcohol)opium-related painkillers (e.g. heroin)hallucinogens (e.g. LSD)

Who are the biggest cartels?

As of 2017, the Sinaloa Cartel is the most active drug cartel involved in smuggling illicit drugs into the United States and trafficking them throughout the country.

What are the two main types of medicine?

PreparationsLiquid. The active part of the medicine is combined with a liquid to make it easier to take or better absorbed. … Tablet. The active ingredient is combined with another substance and pressed into a round or oval solid shape. … Capsules. … Topical medicines. … Suppositories. … Drops. … Inhalers. … Injections.More items…

Is tea a drug?

The most well-known is caffeine, a potent stimulant that you can also get from coffee and soft drinks. Tea also contains two substances related to caffeine: theobromine and theophylline. Finally, it provides a rather unique amino acid called L-theanine, which has some very interesting effects on the brain.

What kind of medicine is epinephrine?

Epinephrine is in a class of medications called alpha- and beta-adrenergic agonists (sympathomimetic agents). It works by relaxing the muscles in the airways and tightening the blood vessels.